• 1 Mahadev
    Mahayogi, Bhairav, Rudra, Shankar, Bholenath
  • 2 Omkar
    Maharudra, Aasutosh, Chandrasekhar, Nageshwar
  • 3 Bholenath
    Shiv, Neelkanth, Aushotosh, Gangadhar, Mahakaal, Kapali
  • 4 Bholenath
    Om Namah Shivay
--

Lord Shiva

Hindu
 God Shiva
Shiva is regarded as one of the most important Hindu God   and  one of the ones in the holy Hindu trinity that makes up Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Whereas, in the holy trinity, Brahma is considered to be the creator and Vishnu the preserver, Lord Shiva wears the mantle of the destroyer. Lord Shiva was considered by the people of the Indus civilization to be a tribal God, the way before people had heard about the presence of Brahma and Vishnu. Shiva is considered to be a God that is full of uncountable amounts of energy that never deserts him and is not only infinite but also permanent.
The other word for Lord Shiva is Maheshwar and is known to live in the funeral grounds with the ashes all over his body. The way Shiva is portrayed is wearing a tiger hide with a snake twirled around his neck, and perched on a branch. Whenever, Shiva comes across any injustice or evil, then the third eye 
opens on his forehead and that is supposed to be the end of the evil. The most powerful of Gods, such as Kamadeva have been reduced to ashes when faced with Shiva’s fury.The abode of Lord Shiva is the Kailash Parvat which is way in the interiors of the Himalayas. The Kailash Parvat is located in the highest of mountains that are cladding by snow most of the time and difficult to reach. Shiva’s consort is Parvati and they have two sons, Lord Ganesh and Subramanya. Shiva has another son called Lord Ayyappa, who is from his liaison with Mohini, who is actually Lord Vishnu in the form of a woman.
Although Lord Shiva lives the way in the Kailash Parvat he has several Hindus, who worship him diligently. The shivlinga is found in the Kailash Parvat and the phallic emblem that resembles creative energy that is infinite. The Shivlinga is worshiped in the form of Shiva.
Shiva has more disciples and worshippers than any other Hindu God. People also worship Shiva in the form of the supreme energy in the form of Natraj. Lord Shiva is known by several different names such as Ganagdhar, Rudra, Neelkanth, Shankar, Gaurishankar, Mahadev to name a few.
Although he is called the God of destruction in the Hindu Gods list, he is also associated with the change that comes about due to life and death. The destruction that is denoted is in the form of a positive energy that brings about change in old habits and one adopts new habits that are going to be beneficial to one in the long run. The abode of Kailash Parvat represents the embedded goodness that exists in every human being.
Shiva lives in Kailash Parvat in the Himalayas the life of an ascetic which is full of control, celibacy and discipline. At the same time, he portrays great love for his spouse who represents Shakti or universal energy. His first wife was Sati and Parvati his second wife. The Lord stands for great energy and positive characteristics. The symbols that are associated with him are the trident which is symbolic of the three faults or gunas and the snake wound around his neck shows the power that he has over the worst of things even death and the ever consuming energy that lies within him. The vehicle on which he uses at the Kailash Parvat is a white bull called the Nandi and this represents everlasting joy.
He is often enough shown seated at the Kailash Parvat with a tiger skin that symbolizes the mind. Belief goes that when Ganga was born on earth and wanted to flood the earth; Shiva caught it in his hand and avoided this gross destruction.
The staunchest of yogis and ascetics worship Shiva in India. They are found near the Kailash Parvat near the Himalayas, dressed in orange robes and with cornrows in their hair, rudrakshashas on them and ash smear on them just like Shiva.

Lord Shiva, Shiva Lingam

The God Shiva or Lord Shiva is the other great figure in the modern pantheon. In contrast to the regal attributes of Vishnu, Shiva is a figure of renunciation. A favorite image portrays him as an ascetic, performing meditation alone in the fastness of the Himalayas. There he sits on a tiger skin, clad only in a loincloth, covered with sacred ash that gives his skin a gray color. His trident is stuck into the ground next to him. Around his neck is a snake. From his matted hair, tied in a topknot, the river Ganga (Ganges) descends to the earth. His neck is blue, a reminder of the time he drank the poison that emerged while gods and demons competed to churn the milk ocean. Shiva often appears in this image as an antisocial being, who once burned up Kama, the god of love, with a glance.  

But behind this image is the cosmic lord who, through the very power of his meditating consciousness, expands the entire universe and all beings in it. Although he appears to be hard to attain, in reality Shiva is a loving deity who saves those devotees who are wholeheartedly dedicated to him.
The bhakti literature of South India, where Shiva has long been important, describes the numerous instances of pure-hearted devotion to the beautiful lord and the final revelation of himself as Shiva after testing his devotees. Shiva often appears on earth in disguise, perhaps as a wandering Brahman priest, to challenge the charity or belief of a suffering servant, only to appear eventually in his true nature. Many of these divine plays are connected directly with specific people and specific sites, and almost every ancient Shiva temple can claim a famous poem or a famous miracle in its history. The hundreds of medieval temples in Tamil Nadu, almost all dedicated to Shiva, contain sculptured panels depicting the god in a variety of guises: Bhikshatana, the begging lord; Bhairava, a horrible, destructive image; or Nataraja, the lord of the dance, beating a drum that keeps time while he manifests the universe.
Because he withholds his sexual urges and controls them, Shiva is able to transmute sexual energy into creative power, by generating intense heat. It is, in fact, the heat generated from discipline and austerity (tapas ) that is seen as the source for the generative power of all renunciants, and in this sense Shiva is often connected with wandering orders of monks in modern India. For the average worshiper, the sexual power of Shiva is seen in the most common image that represents him, the lingam. This is typically a cylindrical stone several feet tall, with a rounded top, standing in a circular base. On one level, this is the most basic image of divinity, providing a focus for worship with a minimum of artistic embellishment, attempting to represent the infinite. The addition of carved anatomical details on many lingams, however, leaves no doubt for the worshiper that this is an erect male sexual organ, showing the procreative power of God at the origin of all things. The concept of reality as the complex interplay of opposite principles, male and female, thus finds its highest form in the mythology of Shiva and his consort Parvati (also known as Shakti, Kali, or Durga), the daughter of the mountains. This most controlled deity, the meditating Shiva, then has still another form, as the erotic lover of Parvati, embracing her passionately.
Shiva and Parvati have two sons, who have entire cycles of myths and legends and bhakti cults in their own right. One son is called variously Karttikeya (identified with the planet Mars) or Skanda (the god of war or Subrahmanya). He is extremely handsome, carries a spear, and rides a peacock. According to some traditions, he emerged motherless from Shiva when the gods needed a great warrior to conquer an indestructible demon. In southern India, where he is called Murugan, he is a lord of mountain places and a great friend of those who dedicate themselves to him. Some devotees vow to carry on their shoulders specially carved objects of wood for a determined number of weeks, never putting them down during that time. Others may go further, and insert knives or long pins into their bodies for extended periods.
Another son of Shiva and Parvati is Ganesh, or Ganapati, the Lord of the Ganas (the hosts of Shiva), who has a male human's body with four arms and the head of an elephant. One myth claims that he originated directly from Parvati's body and entered into a quarrel with Shiva, who cut off his human head and replaced it later with the head of the first animal he found, which happened to be an elephant. For most worshipers, Ganesh is the first deity invoked during any ceremony because he is the god of wisdom and remover of obstacles. People worship Ganesh when beginning anything, for example, at the start of a trip or the first day of the new school year. He is often pictured next to his mount, the rat, symbol of the ability to get in anywhere. Ganesh is therefore a clever figure, a trickster in many stories, who presents a benevolent and friendly image to those worshipers who placate him. His image is perhaps the most widespread and public in India, visible in streets and transportation terminals everywhere. The antics of Ganesh and Karttikeya and the interactions of Shiva and Parvati have generated a series of entertaining myths of Shiva as a henpecked husband, who would prefer to keep meditating but instead is drawn into family problems, providing a series of morality tales in households throughout India.

It is often said that the Hindu pantheon has three gods at its head: Brahma, the creator of the universe; Vishnu, the preserver of life; and Shiva, the destroyer of ignorance. Brahma is a representation of the impersonal brahman in a human form, usually with four faces facing the cardinal directions and four arms (see Karma and Liberation, this ch.). In reality, Brahma receives little devotion from worshipers, who may mention him in passing while giving their attention to the other main gods. There are few temples in India dedicated to him; instead, his image may stand in niches on the walls of temples built for other deities. Religious stories usually place Brahma as an intermediate authority who cannot handle a problem and passes it on to either Vishnu or Shiva. The concept of the trinity (trimurti ), expressed in beautiful art works or invoked even by believers, is in practice a philosophical construct that unites all deistic traditions within Hinduism into one overarching symbol.
 

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